The history of Leh dates back to the 1st century AD. There are few signs which suggest that the Chinese knew about a trade route that passes through Ladakh in India. The formation of Ladakh kingdom took place in the early 10th century by the Tibetan prince, Nyima Gon, who conquered the western part of Tibet with an army of 300 men. It is believed that several castles and towns were founded by him and the main sculptures at Shey monastery were constructed at his order.
Leh, the capital of Ladakh, has been an important junction on the famous Silk Route of the olden times. It is also the second largest district of the country spreading in an area of 45,110 se kms. Located at an altitude of 11,562 ft, it is still dominated by the ruins of the Leh Palace (a major tourist attraction), the former residence of the royal family of Ladkah, built on the lines of the Potala Palace, Tibet. It boasts of being home to several known ancient Buddhist monasteries. It is one of the most-visited destinations in Ladakh and has a lot to offer. The best time to visit Leh is between May to September, when the weather is quite genial. Since Ladakh doesn’t experience heavy rainfall, therefore monsoon is the best time to visit this region.